Statistics South Africa (2014), reports that young people constitute 37 percent of the country’s population. Yet according to the South African June 2014 labour force survey, 36.1 percent of young people between the ages of 15 and 35 are unemployed, which is almost double the 15.6 percent of adults aged between 35 and 64 who are unemployed.

Many of unemployed youth in South Africa are qualified & skilled, however due to a shortage of employment opportunities in South Africa many of our youth find themselves unemployed, feel neglected and lose hope.

Quantec (2014) mentions that large enterprises in the agro-processing industry contributed a significant share of the income and employment, the relative share of small and medium agro-processing enterprises to the total employment is higher compared to their share of total income in the industry.

Accordingly, small and medium
agro-processing enterprises have a greatpotential of generating sustainable jobs. However there are some barriers for SMMEs to participate in the mainstream of the South African economy. Barriers to entry include high post-harvest losses, inadequate funding, lack of technology, standards, regulations and intermittent supply of raw materials.

Most job vacancies in the construction industry require the people with a formal experience in construction, because normally the employer cannot afford to employ and still the train juniors. This creates a barrier for skilled youth in the construction industry as it becomes very hard for them to gain access into the industry without any experience

Economic participation (through entrepreneurship and participation in the labour market) is an area that still needs serious attention. Various interventions to improve the opportunities and skills of young people lack impact . (National Youth Policy 2020, 2015)

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